NewsWildlife Trafficking

Bulgarian National Customs Agency is participating in the international operation Thunder in 2022

A joint World Customs Organization (WCO) – INTERPOL law enforcement operation has seen hundreds of arrests and the disruption of wildlife and timber crime networks globally. Codenamed “Thunder 2022”, the month-long (3-30 October) operation brought together police, customs, financial intelligence units, wildlife and forestry enforcement agencies from 125 countries – the largest number of countries to take part in a Thunder operation since the series started in 2017. Through routine inspections and targeted controls, hundreds of parcels, suitcases, vehicles, boats and cargo transporters were examined, often with the use of sniffer dogs and X-ray scanners. Searches at land and air border checkpoints focused on illegally traded species protected by national
legislation or CITES.

CITES is an international agreement to ensure that trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. All trade performed in breach of CITES is illegal. Seizures ranged from timber to live animals, as well as animal parts, bushmeat, and derivatives such as clothing, beauty products, food items, traditional medicines and handicrafts.

A powerful global alliance
Although operational results are still being reported, Operation Thunder 2022 has so far seen almost 2,200 seizures and the identification of 934 suspects, triggering a series of worldwide arrests and investigations linked to illegal trading, processing, exporting and importing of protected wildlife and
forestry products. In addition to the identification of 141 companies suspected of engaging in illegal sales, total
worldwide seizures of protected animals and plants so far include:

– 119 big cats and other felines
– 34 primates, 136 primate body parts
– 25 rhino horns
– 9 pangolins, 389 kg pangolin scales and derivatives
– 750 birds, more than 450 bird parts

With seizures reported in units, or total kg, the results also include:
– Almost 780 kg and 516 pieces elephant ivory, and 27 elephant body parts
– 1,795 reptiles and almost half a tonne reptile parts and derivative products
– 4,337 and 2,813 kg marine products, including corals, eels and sea cucumbers
– 1,190 turtles and tortoises, 1,304 units and 8 kg body parts
– More than a tonne and 17,081 units other wildlife, parts and derivatives.

Plants and timber:
– 47,28 m3 rosewood and 17,163 pieces
– Almost 47,000 m3 and 6,764 pieces other timber
– 710 cacti, 125 and 1,706 kg orchids
– Almost 3.5 tonnes and 7,815 units other plants
– More than five tonnes and 3,945 units plant derivatives.

Several countries reported seizures of garments and accessories made of reptile skins.“Large scale cross-border operations like Operation Thunder 2022 are as much about putting criminals behind bars as about raising public awareness on what species or product people can or cannot buy, sell, or take from the wild – global multi-stakeholder cooperation is key to effectively tackle transnational criminal networks, from seizure to arrest, and to prosecution, as with the data collected, customs administrations can refine their risk management and strategies,” said WCO
Secretary General Kunio Mikuriya.
“Thunder operations are important to global security because timber and wildlife trafficking are not just conservation issues – officers lose their lives every year, livelihoods are destroyed, diseases are spread, governments weakened and entire economies destroyed. This is because the huge financial
gains to be made attract serious organized crime and terrorist militants who grease the wheels of crime with heavy doses of corruption,” said INTERPOL Secretary General Jürgen Stock.

Intelligence-led field operations
Customs and police units shared wildlife and timber trafficking intelligence both ahead and during operations, enabling field officers to identify and target trafficking hotspots, with an emphasis on land and airport border points as well as wildlife parks. Known criminals, particularly INTERPOL Red Notice fugitives, were identified ahead of operations, along with companies used to facilitate wildlife and timber crime. Customs and police contribute to conservation efforts by gathering and delivering admissible evidence that supports investigations and prosecutions. Coordinated jointly by the WCO and INTERPOL, with the backing of the CITES Secretariat and the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC), Thunder Operations are funded by the European Commission’s Directorate General for International Partnerships (INTPA), and the UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).

Detailed information about the operation is published on the website of the World Customs Organization.
As part of the preparatory phase of the operation,the National Customs Agency seized six pheasants of three protected species.